Coronavirus: England’s new lockdown rules at a glance - your questions answered
A new national lockdown will begin on Thursday November 5 across England, it has been confirmed
MPs voted 516 to 38 – a government majority of 478 - in favour of the plans on Wednesday (November 4).
It means people must stay at home unless for specific reasons, such as attending school or college, or going to the supermarket.
Here are the key points.
When will the lockdown be in force?
The new national lockdown will run from 12.01am on November 5 until December 2.
The lockdown will then be eased on a regional basis according to the latest coronavirus case data at that time.
Can I leave my home?
The government has published 32 pages of regulations including exceptions to the general stay-at-home message.
Specific reasons include education if it is not provided online, work if you cannot work from home (including if your job involves working in other people’s homes) and for exercise, which you can take as many times a day as you wish.
People can also leave for recreational purposes with their own household or on their own with one person from another household (a “one plus one” rule).
Examples of recreation include meeting up with a friend in the park for a walk or to sit on a bench and eat a sandwich. People will not be allowed to meet in homes and gardens, and golf clubs will remain shut.
People can also leave home to shop for food and essentials, and to provide care for vulnerable people or as a volunteer.
Attending medical appointments is also allowed or to escape injury or harm (such as for people suffering domestic abuse).
Support bubbles will remain in place and people can still meet up in their bubble.
Children can move between the homes of their parents if their parents are separated.
What will close?
Non-essential shops, leisure and entertainment venues will all be closed. Non-essential retail includes clothing and electronics stores, car showrooms, travel agents, betting shops, auction houses, tailors, car washes, tobacco and vape shops.
Leisure includes bowling alleys, leisure centres and gyms, sports facilities including swimming pools, golf courses and driving ranges, dance studios, stables and riding centres, soft play facilities, climbing walls and climbing centres, archery and shooting ranges, water and theme parks.
Theatres, concert halls, cinemas, museums and galleries, casinos, adult gaming centres and arcades, bingo halls, bowling alleys, concert halls, zoos and other animal attractions will close.
Hair, beauty and nail salons, tattoo parlours, spas, massage parlours, body and skin piercing services, non-medical acupuncture and tanning salons will also close.
Click and collect can continue, and essential shops such as supermarkets, garden centres and shops “providing essential goods and services” will remain open.
Bars, pubs and restaurants must stay closed except for delivery or takeaway services. They will be permitted to sell takeaway alcohol so long as it is pre-ordered online, or via phone or post.
Pre-ordered drinks can be sold to and collected by a customer “provided the purchaser does not enter inside the premises to do so”, regulations state.
Hotels, hostels and other accommodation should only open for those who have to travel for work and for a limited number of other reasons outlined in the regulations. These include people who need accommodation while moving house, to attend a funeral or if they are isolating themselves from others as required by law.
What else stays open?
The NHS and medical services such as GPs, along with Jobcentre Plus sites and courts.
What if I shielded last time?
People over 60 and those who are clinically vulnerable are being told to be especially careful about following the rules and minimising their contact with others.
Anyone who was formally notified that they should shield last time and not go out to work will be advised to limit their movements again.
However, formal shielding as happened during the March and April lockdown – where people were told not to leave home for any reason – will not be brought in.
People classed as clinically extremely vulnerable are being advised to work from home. If that is not possible, people may be eligible for Statutory Sick Pay or Employment Support Allowance.
More specific guidance was released on Wednesday, two days after the Government said it would be published. As expected it advises those classed as clinically extremely vulnerable to avoid all non-essential travel, including visits to any shops or to pharmacies. They should continue to go attend hospital and GP appointments unless told otherwise by their doctor.
It also states that children who live with someone who is clinically extremely vulnerable, but are not clinically extremely vulnerable themselves, should still attend school.
What about visiting care homes?
Regulations state that it is reasonably necessary for someone to leave their home to visit a person staying in a care home if they are a member of that person’s household, a close family member or a friend.
Should my children go to school or to the childminder? Can they go to a playground?
Yes, schools, colleges and universities will all remain open. Students should not return home during term time but can return home for the Christmas holiday.
Childminders and nurseries will stay open and childcare bubbles, where for example a grandparent provides childcare while a parent works, will be able to continue.
Guidance states that while some youth services may be able to continue, such as 1-1 youth work and support groups, most youth clubs and groups will need to cease for the period of the lockdown.
Playgrounds and parks will remain open.
Can I go on holiday, have an overnight stay or go to my second home?
No, you are advised not to travel unless for essential reasons.
People can travel for work and there are exemptions for overnights and second homes for work purposes.
Those who are already on holiday will be able to return to the UK.
Is there a furlough scheme?
Yes, furlough will be payable at 80 per cent up to a maximum of £2,500 for the duration of the package of tougher national measures. The support will be available across the UK.
Business premises forced to close in England will also receive grants worth up to £3,000 per month under a Local Restrictions Support Grant.
A further £1.1billion will be given to local authorities – distributed on the basis of £20 per head – for one-off payments to support businesses.
Is there support for mortgages?
Yes. Homeowners will be able to take the option of mortgage payment holidays, which had been due to end on Saturday but have been extended.
Can I go to church?
Churches will remain open for private prayer.
Funerals will be limited to a maximum of 30 people, although it is advised that only close family members attend. Stone settings and scatterings should have no more than 15 people.
What about weddings?
The government had announced that weddings and civil partnership ceremonies are only allowed in “exceptional circumstances” but regulations published on Tuesday did not explicitly state what these are.
They say it is “reasonably necessary” for a person to leave or be outside their home to attend a marriage ceremony, a civil partnership ceremony or an alternative wedding ceremony.
Gatherings of no more than six people for these purposes at a private dwelling, premises which are operated by or part of premises used for a business, a charitable, benevolent or philanthropic institution or a public body, or in a public outdoor place would be permitted under the regulations.
Will Premier League football matches continue?
Yes. Boris Johnson said games would continue despite the restrictions.
Grass-roots football games will not, however.
What if I live in an area with lower cases?
You must still observe the rules as they apply across England. Professor Chris Whitty said that many of the areas with lower case numbers have the highest rates of increase.
He also warned: “Some areas including the South West are likely to get pressure on beds really relatively early because of the way the NHS is constructed in those areas.”